How turning trash into treasure can help us dig our way out of Covid’s mess


Plastic waste | Representational image | Pexels File photo


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The Australian government has announced a A$190 million (US$130 million) investment in the nation’s first Recycling Modernisation Fund, with the aim of transforming the country’s waste and recycling industry. The hope is that as many as 10,000 jobs can be created in what is being called a “once in a generation” opportunity to remodel the way Australia deals with its waste.

Waste mountain

The need for a dramatic increase in Australia’s recycling capacity pre-dates the COVID-19 pandemic. Australians create approximately 67 million tonnes of waste a year, and like in many wealthy countries, much of that was sent overseas. That all changed when China announced it was banning the import of a huge range of foreign waste and recyclables. Soon other countries followed suit, and Australia was forced to look for alternative solutions.

Waste export ban

Australia has adopted a strategy of taking responsibility for its own waste. Starting in January 2021, it is phasing in bans on the export of different forms of waste. By mid 2024, Australia’s home-grown recycling industry will have to deal with an extra 650,000 tonnes of waste plastic, paper, glass and tyres.

“As we cease shipping our waste overseas, the waste and recycling transformation will reshape our domestic waste industry, driving job creation and putting valuable materials back into the economy,” federal environment minister Sussan Ley said in a statement to Reuters.


Also read: Today’s PPE kits could be tomorrow’s roads, fuel — CSIR’s plan to tackle Covid plastic surge


Trash into treasure

The benefits to the environment of boosting recycling rates are well known – less landfill, less plastic in our ocean, reduced need for virgin materials, and lower carbon emissions. The Recycling Modernisation Fund initiative aims to divert more than 10 million tonnes of waste from landfill, part of an overall strategy to reduce the total waste generated per person by 10%, and push Australia’s total resource recovery rate from 58% in 2017 to 80% by 2030.

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